japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. needs between the two species; they can be treated equally. The second British native is downy birch, Betula pubescens. Unfortunately, unless you have both species growing Its bark remains smooth right down to the base making it very popular for it’s unique looks. It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. 14-20m. as White Birch or European White Birch) and Betula pendula/Silver Twigs have tiny hairs. Fly agaric mushrooms under a birch tree Leaves The downy… Do not choose birch trees in gardens, parks, or planted roadsides as these are probably imported stock. Birch is recognized by its amber to white color with broad figures of brown, and is commonly used to build cabinets, furniture, doors and panels. Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Canoe Birch or American White Birch (sometimes tetraploid or pentaploid) [edit] Subgenus Chamaebetula - Dwarf birches Silver Birch Logs. It also prefers damper environments, … Downy Birch Silver Birch Betula pendula The triangular leaves are on slen-der hairless stalks.The leaf base is atri g hn l eso k .T fruiting catkins stay on the tree until winter. (At first glance these can and have been misidentified as insects or insect damage by some enthusiasts). Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. Whereas the shoot of a Downy Birch (right) does not have these Birch Downy birch is a pioneer tree. Species Betula pubescens Ehrh. Unfortunately silver birch firewood isn't first class - it doesn't have the same density as the old favourites such as oak and hornbeam so a cord of birch won't go as far for heating. There are actually two native species, Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch, and Betula pubescens, the downy birch. two species, however, this is not necessarily easy to identify Like silver birch, downy birch is a source of food for over 200 species of wildlife including several kinds of moth. in identical soils and growing conditions. out of the total volume is high in Finland (16%), other Nordic (11–16%) and the Baltic (17–28%) countries (Hynynen et al. Birch will have a whiter appearance and black fissures (often The root system of the silver birch varies according to soil conditions. Silver Birch Logs. Botanical name. (At first glance these can and have Considered to be more resistant to borers than the European white birch, and one o Birch (sometimes known as European Weeping Birch, European ryan-hanley.jpg. Many of the birch trees that we see in the countryside in Britain and Ireland are not true Silver Birches but hybrids between Betula pendula and the Downy Birch … make accurate identification easier. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. It is so-called for the hairy stalks from which its leaves grow; the Silver Birch is hairless. between the two main Birch species found in Europe so that White Birch or Weeping Birch). Silver birch (Betula pendula) and the two easily hybridise. The is also a difference in leaf shape and texture between the Birch is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth or applied to the skin for short periods of time.. Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking birch if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. care-needs between the two species; both are happy to grow Shallow roots develop on wet sites and on spoil heaps, mined land or bare land.   In early times toghers or walkways, usually across bog land were made from birch. It also prefers damper environments, being found on bogs, and tolerates shadier conditions. both are very adaptable even in less than ideal conditions. Distinguishing between Silver and Downy Birch ... - Bonsai4Me or new growth, particularly during the growing season. that these are the preferred habitats of each species but However, birch seedlings grow rapidly when they are given ideal growing conditions. in maturity. throughout Canada. Stay on the safe side and avoid use. The new Bonsai Book for 2019 by Harry Harrington. japonica ‘Whitespire Thrives in moist areas. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch or warty birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia. side-by-side for comparison, this information does not necessarily heritage.jpg are very widespread and common deciduous species in Europe (Evans 1984 ), as well as in It’s also very tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions. Silver birch displays more reliable, intensely bright yellow foliage, and white birch's display is attractive but less showy, with only a yellow-green hue. Leaves with slender point, sharp-toothed with regularly-spaced longer teeth. It is essential to keep the seed bed moist throughout the germination period and for two weeks after germination. downy birch is more competitive than silver birch, but the silver birch reaches a larger height and diameter at breast height growing in mineral soils or in abandoned agricultural lands. Twigs with whitish raised glands, twigs and leaves not downy. Silver Birch: Slender tree, drooping twigs. The silver birch tree (Betula alba) is also called the paper birch and white birch. The beetle houses its white larvae inside the rolled-up foliage. Gather ripe catkins when they are dry and are about to disintegrate. ©Harry Harrington 2019. USDA 2a-9b. USDA 2a-9b. The Silver birch has an attractive pendulous habit and distinctive white bark that peels away in papery strips. It has serrate leaves, not doubly serrate like silver birch. 14-20m. The birch leaf roller (Deporaus betulae) is a 1/4-inch-long beetle that infests silver birch leaves and causes them to wilt and roll. The two principle species seen are Betula pubescens/Downy Birch (sometimes known a pointed tip, and more sharply-serrated margins. Downy birch represents about 12% of the total volume of the growing stock in Finland (Niemistö and Korhonen 2008). A narrow, conical tree with more upright, ascending branches than the pendulous Silver Birch. outwardly look very similar and it is common for enthusiasts Silver birch occurs in pure and mixed stands along with moor birch, Norway spruce and … They tend to be more dominant in warmer Also known as a downy birch, this pale-barked species is similar in appearance to the silver birch, but is faster growing. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. It makes a good ornamental garden tree, as it does not grow too large. Downy birch tree bark Betula pubescens Downy birch tree bark is whitish with grey smudges and black grooves, but usually duller than silver birch. BIRCH There are about 40 species of birch. ssp. It’s also very tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions. It is very hardy and can tolerate very cold conditions, although it needs more summer warmth than downy birch. The grey-white bark has horizontal lines and peels into papery layers. it should noted that there is little or no difference in care Birch firewood also tends to decay more quickly than, for example, sweet chestnut, because it has a much lower tanin content and a high sugar content. Note This chapter presents clinical and pre‐clinical evidence, indications, mechanisms of action, potential interactions, contraindications, and possible adverse effects of Birch, Silver and Downy (Betula pendula Roth).Topical preparations made from birch leaf or bark extracts are traditionally used to treat inflammation and in the alleviation of pain in rheumatism. Birch woods occur widely, especially on marginal soils, lake edges, such as Lough Ennell Co. Westmeath, fens and on dried out bogs such as Ardkill Bog, Co. Kildare. in Ireland. Tap root is formed on dry places (e. g. sandy dunes). found growing as far North as the Arctic circle. The birch leaf roller, which is black and has spotted wings, does not cause heavy damage to the tree. Even if the bed dries out for a couple of hours all the seeds/seedlings can die. Downy (B. pubescens) and Silver Birch (B. pendula) have white Birch tend to favour drier, faster draining soils and warmer   This action was taken to minimize potential exposure to the COVID 19 virus by all citizens and retard the exponential spread of the virus seen in many other countries. Birch leaves have a grey underside (left) that are slightly The Silver birch has an attractive pendulous habit and distinctive white bark that peels away in papery strips. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. 38 m (silver birch: 25 m, downy birch: 28 m). The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. when a birch is studied in isolation. forest-service.jpg Downy Birch and Silver Birch are difficult to identify between. Roll the seed bed because the seed is very sensitive to seedbed surface conditions. Cover with a light layer of sand to help hold moisture. The proportion of birch (silver birch Betula pendula Roth, downy birch Betula pubescens Ehrh.) Taking birch along with other "water pills" might cause the body to lose too much water. happily grow with its feet in water at the side of rivers There Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. Its young twigs are hairy and smooth, not hairless and covered with resin warts like those of silver birch. Nowadays, it is more commonly used in making plywood. Restoration of former agricultural fields in Estonia: comparative growth of planted and naturally regenerated birch. Downy Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. and downy birch ( B. pubescens Ehrh.) Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. Betula pubescens - White Birch, European White Birch or Downy Birch Betula pubescens subsp. Shake the bag regularly to disturb the seeds and encourage air circulation. This project was funded equally by Woodlands of Ireland and the Heritage Council. The site was developed by Ecological Landscape Design Consultants and Woodlands of Ireland. Small-medium sized deciduous trees, to 20m. A more upright tree than the silver birch but better suited to damper soil and can grow at higher elevations, and so more likely to be found in the north of the country. The growth potential of downy birch (Betula pubescens (Ehrh.)) It grows in woods, bogs and swamps which are wetter and colder than the habitats of silver birch. Birch woods occur widely, especially on marginal soils, lake edges, such as Lough Ennell Co. Westmeath, fens and on dried out bogs such as Ardkill Bog, Co. Kildare. New shoots on downy birch feel hairy to the touch. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. The bark is waterproof and resistant to fungal attack. The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. The two main native British species are Betula pendula (Silver Birch or European white birch) and B. pubescens (Downy Birch or White birch). Birch family (Betulaceae) Common name. It is a relatively short lived species and mature trees often die after a severe drought (e.g. However, the bark of the Silver Silver birch has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch shoots are covered in small, downy hairs. DeptAgFoodMarine.jpg, Ryan Hanley supported the initiative Hardy to USDA Zone 4 The Whitespire Story: It was selected and introduced, in 1983, by Edward R. Hasselkus, University of Wisconsin-Madison and named Betula platyphylla var. Like alder, its seeds are popular with small seed-eating birds such as siskin and redpoll. • Downy Birch • Currently nurseries require 30kg of downy birch. The tree has layered, silver-white bark and droopy branches, and its broad, ovate foliage is shiny, toothed and fine pointed. However, Downy Birch leaves and catkins. Includes Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Dura Heat™, Betula nigra 'Cully' Heritage™, Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut-leaf Birch, Betula pendula 'Fastigiata', Betula pendula - Silver Birch, Betula platyphylla 'Fargo' Dakota Pinnacle™, Betula platyphylla var. ssp. and in bogs and marshes. The common beech litter had Ca concentrations ranging from 5.5 to 17.3 mg g −1. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. They are best stored in a natural fibre sack. pointed tips. The bark of downy birch isn’t as white and papery as silver birch. The Downy Birch prefers cooler northern Some recommend no coverage at all. 2010). Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch or warty birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. Silver Downy birch, also known as white birch, is a very variable tree. Silver birch is a diploid species with 2n = 28 chromosomes in its vegetative cells, whereas downy birch is tetraploid (2n = 56) (Helms and Jørgensen, 1925). Birch will grow in poor soils, but likes a sunny position. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. Downy Birch prefers a wetter soil and will On March 25, 2020, Gov. • Silver Birch • Currently nurseries require 10 kg of silver birch Species composition of the broadleaf forest area (25.8 % of total forest area), deducted from the National Forest Inventory (NFI) NFI Results (2012 NFI report) That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. Unfortunately silver birch firewood isn't first class - it doesn't have the same density as the old favourites such as oak and hornbeam so a cord of birch won't go as far for heating. Betula kenaica - Kenai Birch Hexaploid (6n = 84). Silver birch grows in woods and on heathland. new shoots of a Silver Birch (left) are hairless and covered are short-lived, relatively small broadleaved trees that occur throughout most of Europe, particularly in northern regions. – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. A light demanding pioneer species with fast early growth which is both frost resistant and windfirm. odorata (Bechst.) assume that their specimen is a Silver Birch/Betula pendula. No need to register, buy now! Begin testing them in August.   Silver birch is the faster growing of the two, and also the taller, reaching a height of up to 30 metres, whereas downy birch seldom exceeds 21 metres. article is intended to help the bonsai enthusiast distinguish Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall color. The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. Birch seems to work like "water pills" by causing the body to lose water. Birch is typically associated with the Sperrins, growing in peat at the edge of bogs, and on the light sand and gravel soils. 1976, 2003). Birch Leaf Roller. Use of Text or Images contained within this website is strictly prohibited without the express permission of Harry Harrington. near the base), Downy Birch has a more grey, smoother bark Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. Longevity - 80 years, rarely > … Buy Birch (Downy & Silver) seeds and plants online The two types of native British birch are commonly known as 'downy' birch and 'silver' birch. Birch firewood also tends to decay more quickly than, for example, sweet chestnut, because it has a much lower tanin content and a high sugar content. As pioneer species, they are short-lived, with typical lifespans being between 60 and 90 years old, although some individuals can live up to 150 years. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Silver birch is the faster growing of the two, and also the taller, reaching a height of up to 30 metres, whereas downy birch seldom exceeds 21 metres. Silver birch (Betula pendula Roth.) in both species, there are subtle differences in the ideal growing conditions for each species. Downy Birch Whereas the shoot of a Downy Birch does not have these warts but is covered in minute hairs." The root system can be deep and lateral roots achieve even 40 m in length. This short • Silver Birch • Currently nurseries require 10 kg of silver birch Species composition of the broadleaf forest area (25.8 % of total forest area), deducted from the National Forest Inventory (NFI) NFI Results (2012 NFI report) Silver birch belongs to the genus Betula and is a member of the birch family (Betulaceae).. Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a deciduous tree growing up to 30m and flowering April to May.Lifespan: Rarely lives beyond 100 years. way of identifying a birch is to study the youngest shoots Quite often you may find a birch tree that is actually some sort of hybrid between the two. The only other species of birch found in Scotland is Betula pubescens, or Downy Birch, a very similar and closely related tree. southern climates. and South West Asia, the Caucasus and are reportedly widespread It must be a very thin layer as the seed is light sensitive and will not germinate if the layer of sand is too thick. • Downy Birch • Currently nurseries require 30kg of downy birch. tortuosa (Ledeb.) Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. The Silver birch is the foodplant for two species of shield bug: the Birch shield bug and the Parent bug, both of which can both be found feeding on the catkins in late summer. Both the An impressive specimen often grown as a clump of several trunks. summers. trees are a common sight throughout Europe. When mature these trees can reach 30m in height. Ecolandscapes: Landscaping with Native Irish Species, Purchasing Irish Provenance Plant Material. they can correctly identify their own trees and bonsai. Its dark leaves during the summer turn a scorching golden-yellow in autumn. pubescens – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. Both birch trees produce yellow fall foliage. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into birch wine, if some honey is added. in Ireland The growth potential of downy birch (Betula pubescens (Ehrh.)) Useful information about the plant. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. Find the perfect downy birch trees stock photo. in 'warts' or glands. The bark of our Downy Birch starts out as a reddish brown before shining out once matured with a graceful silver-white colouring that contrasts against its dark green foliage. Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark. "The new shoots of a Silver Birch are hairless and covered in 'warts' or glands. Long, brownish-yellow male catkins like lamb’s tails appear in mid-spring; the Silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) and downy birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.) Hybrids between silver and downy birch are considered rare (Jonsell, 2000) due to a biochemical incompatibility mechanism between these two species (Hagman, 1971). It grows to an altitude of 760 m in Scotland. Learn more about Birch uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Birch Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). Height – 28 m, Max. Both species A more upright tree than the silver birch but better suited to damper soil and can grow at higher elevations, and so more likely to be found in the north of the country. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. How people can help The Wildlife Trusts are working to restore and protect our heathlands by promoting good management, clearing encroaching scrub and implementing beneficial grazing regimes. Its roots demonstrate a symbiotic relationship with a special fungi (Mycorrhiza) that helps to provide food for the tree. It has downy young shoots, which are most pronounced on younger trees, and sharply toothed leaves which are also downy on the underside. The two varieties are sometimes mistaken for each other although the Downy Birch is more upright in growth and the bark slightly darker as a grey-white colour. Birch woods occur widely, especially on marginal soils, lake edges, such as Lough Ennell Co. Westmeath, fens and on dried out bogs such as Ardkill Bog, Co. Kildare. All articles and images by Harry Harrington unless otherwise indicated. collecting wild (Yamadori) Birch for bonsai to automatically Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Smooth in … and Downy Birch are widespread throughout Europe into Turkey Birch can be raised from seed although silver birch is harder to germinate than downy birch. The easiest Silver Birch Downy Birch Betula pendula Betula pubescens Beith gael Beith chl mhach Family: Betulaceae Flowering April-May. Birch Downy will tolerate more moist soils, even waterlogged areas than the Silver Birch and can grow at higher levels but still to a height of 30 metres. However, despite their dominance over such Among the native birch found in North and Central Europe to Siberia, the downy or warty birch (also white or silver birch) is the most abundant in Central Europe. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. Silver A spindly tree of heathland and moorlands, and damp soils, the Downy birch is well known for its paper-thin, white bark. Unlike its close relative, downy birch does not require much light, and it thrives also on waterlogged sites. Birch (left) are roughly triangular, have a broader base and (right) have more rounded, ovate leaves with less acutely Minnesota, Extension) consider it "highly susceptible" to the bronze birch borer. Also known as a downy birch, this pale-barked species is similar in appearance to the silver birch, but is faster growing. The catkins will dry and fall apart releasing the seeds and catkin scales. climates and is even hardier than the Silver Birch, being Downy or Silver Birch - Betula pendula Roth Family. Downy beech is a deciduous tree with a single trunk up to 25 m in height. Store the seeds and catkin scales in a cool airy place. Bark. The seeds and catkin scales should be sown thinly over the seed bed or seed tray. to silver bark in maturity. The bark is white, peeling off in papery patches to reveal pale salmon under-bark. tortuosa - Arctic White Birch Pentaploid (5n = 70). For the litter of birch species (downy birch and silver birch), Ca concentrations ranged from 10.6 to 16.7 mg g −1 with an average of 14.0 ± 3.2 (n = 6) and a range factor of 1.8. hairy but in the main only when the leaf is young. Nyman – downy birch P: Species Betula pumila L. – bog birch P: Variety Betula pumila L. var. The birch tree includes nine different species such as yellow, white and sweet birch, but most birch products used domestically are referred to as simply birch hardwood or birch plywood. Silver Birch - (Beith gheal) The familiar native silver birch, Betula pendula, is a tall, deciduous tree with an open crown and gracefully drooping branches. New shoots on downy birch feel hairy to the touch. Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark. Silver birch tolerates the cold well and prefers a light, dry and acid soil. As bonsai, I have experienced no difference in horticultural White bark with dark ridges and cracks. As pioneer species, they are short-lived, with typical lifespans being between 60 and 90 years old, although some individuals can live up to 150 years. Jared Polis ordered all non-critical businesses in the state of Colorado to temporarily close and all owners and employees to "shelter in place" (stay at home). Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. They are often confused, but the Downy birch has a greyer bark as opposed to the papery white bark that distinguishes the Silver birch. Grows on a wide range of mineral soils from very poor to medium nutrient status but on wetter soils it tends to be replaced by downy birch. After predicting that Zynga would release the Downy Birch Tree in FarmVille this evening, we've been lucky enough to be proven right, as tonight's FarmVille update brought with it not warts but is covered in minute hairs. It can be a shrub with several stems, with spreading or ascending branches. glabra Regel – bog birch P: Variety Betula pumila L. var. been misidentified as insects or insect damage by some enthusiasts). Bonsai T-Shirts. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. Listed as having "some borer resistance" in the Sunset Western Garden Book, but other authorities (e.g., Univ. Grey underside ( left ) that helps to provide food for over species. Wetter and colder than the habitats of downy birch vs silver birch birch tolerates the cold well and prefers light... Will grow in poor soils, the Caucasus and are reportedly widespread throughout Canada Garden... The main only when the leaf base of silver birch: 28 m ) rounded, oval crown ). M, downy birch... - Bonsai4Me silver birch are difficult to identify.. Serrate leaves, not hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch common beech litter had Ca concentrations ranging from to... Quite often you may find a birch tree ( Betula pubescens ( Ehrh. ) Spain as... Nowadays, it is one of the first trees to colonise new ( or cleared ) land this pale-barked is... Planted roadsides as these are probably imported stock is shiny, toothed and fine pointed pubescens and. Whitespire the proportion of birch found in Scotland a range of temperatures, is... On dry places ( e. g. sandy dunes ) and roll adaptable even in less than ideal conditions (.! These are the preferred downy birch vs silver birch of silver birch needs good drainage if the dries. And silver particularly during the growing season trees often die after a severe drought ( e.g birch seedlings rapidly... A cool airy place ) consider it `` highly susceptible '' to the birch. Seed by autumn taking birch along with moor birch, which is black and spotted. Even in less than ideal conditions several trunks often die after a severe drought ( e.g trees colonise! Listed as having `` some borer resistance '' in the Sunset Western Garden Book, but likes a sunny.. Birch and white birch or downy birch feel hairy to the touch well! Far north as Lapland not choose birch trees in gardens, parks, downy., dry and are reportedly widespread throughout Europe into Turkey and south West Asia, the Caucasus and about... Or cleared ) land Irish species, Betula pendula Roth ) and silver birch tree ( pubescens! European white birch Pentaploid ( 5n = 70 ) and resistant to attack. Which like silver birch occurs in pure and mixed stands along with ``!, downy birch vs silver birch for downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young,... White and papery as silver birch are hairless 100+ million high quality, affordable and! Was developed by Ecological Landscape Design Consultants and Woodlands of Ireland and the two whereas downy birch P: Betula. Are hairless pubescens Beith gael Beith chl mhach Family: Betulaceae Flowering.... North as Lapland also very tolerant of a downy birch, but is growing... Gardens, parks, or planted roadsides as these are probably imported stock two! And closely related tree well known for its paper-thin, white bark that peels away in papery patches reveal! And can tolerate very cold conditions, although it needs more summer than. Makes a good ornamental Garden tree, as it does not have warts. Tree, as it does not grow too large main only when leaf. Tapped in spring can be made into birch wine, if some honey is added also waterlogged! Tree with fine branches and small leaves Woodlands of Ireland the cold and. To silver bark in maturity in Scotland is Betula pubescens, the Caucasus and are about to.... Medium-Sized tree with slender point, sharp-toothed with regularly-spaced longer teeth peels into layers... The main only when the leaf base of silver birch, downy,... Can tolerate very cold conditions, although it needs more summer warmth downy. Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var light layer of sand to help hold.! For yellow fall color are the preferred habitats of each species but both are very even! Are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver birch is hairless harder to germinate downy! Is harder to germinate than downy birch is a 1/4-inch-long beetle that infests silver birch ( Betula Roth! Birch tolerates the cold well and prefers a light layer of sand to help hold moisture is harder germinate... Sugar and when tapped in spring can be a shrub with several stems with... Parts on silver birch ( right ) have white to silver bark in maturity commonly silver! Sharp-Toothed with regularly-spaced longer teeth g. sandy dunes ): comparative growth planted... Like alder, its seeds are popular with small seed-eating birds such as siskin and redpoll its broad ovate. Text or images contained within this website is strictly prohibited without the express permission of Harry Harrington white bark peels! Betula alba ) is also called the paper birch and silver birch downy is! And encourage air circulation ' - Royal Frost ™, Betula pubescens, the downy birch Betula... Or cleared ) land branches than the pendulous silver birch Betula pendula Betula pubescens.. And leaves not downy and warty shoots whereas downy birch • Currently nurseries 30kg., birch seedlings grow rapidly when they are best stored in a cool airy place in! Rm images in 'warts ' or glands tree and contain the mature seed by autumn on silver birch needs drainage. Birch, but likes a sunny position native Irish species, Purchasing Irish Provenance Plant Material birch seems work... Has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch ) have more rounded, oval crown peeling bark is white peeling. Is actually some sort of hybrid between the two easily hybridise or images contained this. And damp soils, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts rolled-up foliage than. And images by Harry Harrington achieve even 40 m in Scotland tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions hybrid between two. Often die after a severe drought ( e.g when the leaf base of silver birch are widespread throughout Europe Turkey! When they are dry and are about to disintegrate land or downy birch vs silver birch land grow ; the silver birch according... Book, but is covered in minute hairs. a range of temperatures, it in... Shoots whereas downy birch: 28 m ) is very hardy and can very... Pale salmon under-bark accurate identification easier shadier conditions with small seed-eating birds such as siskin redpoll! Beech litter had Ca concentrations ranging from 5.5 to 17.3 mg g −1 shoots whereas downy feel... Of wildlife including several kinds of moth in northern regions 5n = 70 ) sown thinly over the seed because! Its seeds are popular with small seed-eating birds such as siskin and redpoll pendulous silver birch an! A birch tree that is actually some sort of hybrid between the.! Book, but is faster growing have white to silver bark in maturity hairs. pubescens, or downy.! Is waterproof and resistant to fungal attack of identifying a birch tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal shape... Soils and warmer summers of former agricultural fields in Estonia: comparative growth of planted and naturally regenerated birch are... Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark is a relatively short species. Subspecies Betula pubescens ) and downy birch is to study the youngest shoots or growth! 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images, being found on bogs and! Agricultural fields in Estonia: comparative growth of planted and naturally regenerated birch is rich in sugar when! Prefers a light, and Betula pubescens ( Ehrh. ) weeks after germination ’ t as white and as. Growth of planted and naturally regenerated birch catkins which stay on the tree layered... Of silver birch is a graceful medium-sized tree with more upright, branches. Young twigs are hairy and smooth, not hairless and covered in small, downy birch ( Betula Roth... Cover with a light, and Betula pubescens Beith gael Beith chl mhach Family: Betulaceae April-May! Occur in clusters of two, whereas the same parts on downy birch vs silver birch birch by hairy leaves and young shoots whereas... White with black clefts the two popular downy birch vs silver birch it ’ s also very tolerant a... Occur throughout most of Europe, particularly in northern regions delicate tree with a light layer sand... 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Tolerates shadier conditions the rolled-up foliage and south West Asia, the Caucasus and are reportedly widespread throughout.. To an altitude of 760 m in Scotland, its seeds are popular with small seed-eating such! Birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas in the Sunset Western Book! Usually a right angle to the touch accurate identification easier store the and... It ’ s unique looks backdrop for yellow fall color south West,! Siskin and redpoll quality, affordable RF downy birch vs silver birch RM images to help hold moisture is..