This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Convergent thinking is useful in situations when there is a single best correct answer and the … I use convergent thinking in math when I use a formula to find one correct mathematical answer to the problem. Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. ... For example, when I prepare you guys for the AP Psychology exam, I may emphasize material that I am more familiar with and what I think is important. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. For example, find answers to the question What is the sum of the internal angles of a triangle? Convergent thinking is not dependent upon creativity. You’ll never come up with a solution if everything is immediately torn apart! Start studying AP Psych Chapter 7 Examples(B). You’ll be able to cross some ideas off of your list pretty quickly. edition). 1950s: psychology resumes focus on the mind and mental processes. Convergent Thinking. Picture this. Convergent thinking helps to find out the best possible answer to any problem, without leaving any room for ambiguity. For instance, John Kennedy used convergent thinking to figure out that America could beat Russia into space by sending a man on the moon and NASA team employed divergent thinking in developing the equipment and lunar modules. Types of AP Psych Multiple Choice Questions a mode of thinking … This is the more logical way of thinking, in which we narrow the solutions to a problem till we find the best one. One example of convergent thinking is school. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. Most popular techniques used in convergent thinking are knowledge, probabilities, logic, decision making strategies, and answers evaluated from multiple techniques are individually analyzed to figure out the best possible solution. Convergent production is the deductive generation of the best single answer to a set problem, usually where there is a compelling inference. Learn more about convergent thinking, how it affects people, and more. 2019 AP ® Psychology Free-Response Questions Set 2 ... had to clearly demonstrate how convergent thinking, informational social influence, and the defense mechanism of ... Instructional Approaches and Sample Activities in the 2019 AP Psych ology Course and … {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. Convergent thinking is mostly rational. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? 6. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong! Convergent thinking looks for gradual emergence of a solution and proceeds on the assumption that the knowledge, ideas, principles and directions of thinking already known are to a large extent correct. The process is straightforward and focuses on pinpointing a single most effective answer to a problem. But they were quickly getting shot down. The process is linked to knowledge, as manipulation of existing knowledge through various standard procedures is what leads to the formation of solutions. Would you need a permit to hold the party outside? As you can see, both of these processes are necessary to come to a solution. The answer procured by such type of thinking is either completely right or 100% wrong, which might not always be the best possible way to go about. Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). Convergent thinking is a fundamental tool in a child's education.Today, most educational opportunities are tied to one's performance on standardized tests that are often multiple choice in nature. AP Psych Review Video 5.7-5.8, 5.11 Thinking, Problem-Solving, Biases & Language Directions: Visit the AP Psych page on YouTube and watch Video 5.7-5.11. This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! ... Convergent Thinking. Convergent Thinking. Convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative problem solving. Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. Such thinking is often described as linear. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … In convergent thinking, on the other hand, people narrow down a list of possibilities to arrive at a single right answer. It’s necessary! But they were quickly getting shot down. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. ... • Convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression . • Do NOT score examples of “to be successful” without a specific cognitive or emotional context (e.g., “sense of success”). It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. How can you make this situation more productive? Here, I’ll break down the MC section, so you’re ready for test day. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. You’ve found your solution. Because This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. The possibilities are endless. physical brain = hardware We shall look at a few of them. The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. Your email address will not be published. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. All of these venues could attract potential guests and make the event really stand out! The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',132,'0','0'])); For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning of a problem solving process. 1. Give your team a break. This might not be a correct approach to educate children, since both convergent as well as divergent thinking are required for students to learn critical thinking, which is a process to get the accurate, the best possible, and creative or original ideas and answers to a problem. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. computers: an analogy for the mind/brain. Start studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as … Theodore. The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. Now, let’s go back to the first example. One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. Play this game to review Psychology. Knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. Convergent thinking is used in IQ and intelligence tests. If you are using assistive technology and need help accessing these PDFs in another format, contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 212-713-8333 or by email at ssd@info.collegeboard.org. This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. Thus, knowledge is an important aspect of creativity. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Methods involved in convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with the readily stored information. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. Rubric examples provided for each point are not to be considered exhaustive. The solutions derived by using convergent thinking process are the most accurate ones most of the time. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. ... 📝 Convergent Thinking. This method of checking out the archives is most effective when the situation is pre-existent, and the solution only needs to be worked out through decision making strategies. 2. ... An example of a heuristic would be trying to find the x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24. A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. 2. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! Convergent Thinking. Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes oneval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … When a student contemplates the possible answers available, they use convergent thinking to weigh alternatives within a construct. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). Copyright 2020 Practical Psychology, all rights reserved. There are many possible examples of divergent thinking. AP Psychology gives you insight into your mind and the minds of others. You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. A big outdoor party? Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory 40 Terms. At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. It is a large room, and there are nine free-standing pillars that support the roof. Location. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. Think about budget. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. 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